Friday, July 10, 2009

Islaamic Laws

There are five types of Islaamic laws. They are follows:

1. Al-Fardh

2. Assunnah

3. Al-Haraam

4. Al-Makrooh

5. Al-Mubaah

AL-FARDH

It is such a law that whoever abides by it will be rewarded, and whosoever neglects it will
be punished. Fardh and Wajeeb always imply the same meaning except in the chapter of
Hajj.

ASSUNNAH

It is an instruction that there is reward for one who follows it. But there is no punishment
for one who does not act upon it. Sunnah, Mandoob and Mustahaab are of the same
meaning.

AL-HARAAM

It is such an act that whoever abstains from committing it will be rewarded, and whosever
commits it will be punished.

AL-MAKROOH

It refers to such a deed that whoever refrains from committing it will be rewarded. But
there is no punishment for one who commits it.

AL-MUBAAH

It is an act that there is no reward for one who observes it nor there is any punishment for
a person who leaves it off.

TYPES OF FARDH

Fardh is of two types:

1. Fardh Al-Ain

2. Fardh Al-Kifaayah

FARDH AL-AIN

It is an injunction which is necessary for every sane and adult to abide by individually. If
some people perform this command then it will not be accomplished from the rest.

FARDH AL-KIFAAYAH

It is such a ruling which is necessary for every sane and adult to observe individually. But
if some people perform it then this obligation will be accomplished from the rest.


AL-MUKALLAF

This term refers to every individual who is adult and sane.

QUESTION

1. How many Islaamic laws are there and what are they?

2. What is Fardh?

3. What is Sunnah?

4. What is Harram?

5. What is Makrooh?

6. What is Mubaah?

7. How many types of Fardh are there?

8. What is Fardh Al-Ain?

9. What is Fardh Al-Kiffayah?

10. Who is regarded as Mukallfaf?

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